Public Domain & Copyrights

United States LGBT History References

Pleming, Sue (March 18, 2009). "In turnaround, U.S. signs U.N. gay rights document". Reuters. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
"Clinton Declares June 2000 Gay & Lesbian Pride Month".
"Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month, 2009". Whitehouse.gov. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
"Presidential Proclamation--Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month".
"Presidential Proclamation-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month | The White House". Whitehouse.gov. May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
"Presidential Proclamation--Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month, 2012".
"Presidential Proclamation - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month, 2013". Whitehouse.gov. May 31, 2013. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
"Obama proclaims June LGBT Pride Month". Metro Weekly. May 30, 2014. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
"Obama issues Presidential Proclamation declaring June LGBT Pride Month – LGBTQ Nation". Lgbtqnation.com. 2015-05-29. Retrieved 2015-06-04.
"Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies on Federal Benefits and Non-Discrimination, 6-17-09". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
Weiner, Rachel (October 28, 2009). "Hate Crimes Bill Signed Into Law 11 Years After Matthew Shepard's Death". Huffington Post.
"Sharon Lubinski: Senate Confirms First Openly Gay US Marshal". Huffington Post. December 28, 2009.
Tapper, Jake (January 4, 2010). "President Obama Names Transgender Appointee to Commerce Department". ABC News. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
"Obama's New Queer Appointee Amanda Simpson Brings Some 'T' to the Administration". Queerty.com. December 31, 2009. Archived from the original on January 19, 2010. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
"Obama Hires Trans Woman Amanda Simpson". National Center for Transgender Equality. December 31, 2009. Archived from the original on January 4, 2010. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
Hananel, Sam (October 26, 2010). "Obama has appointed most U.S. gay officials". Washington Times. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
"Obama Widens Medical Rights for Gay Partners". The New York Times. April 16, 2010.
"Obama Expands Family Medical Leave Act to Cover Gay Employees". Fox News. June 22, 2010.
"Obama signs bill repealing 'don't ask, don't tell' policy". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. December 22, 2010. Retrieved December 22, 2010.[dead link]
"President Obama Instructs Justice Department to Stop Defending Defense of Marriage Act calls Clinton-Signed Law "Unconstitutional"". Abcnews.go.com. February 23, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
a b "U.N. Gay Rights Protection Resolution Passes, Hailed As 'Historic Moment'". The Huffington Post. June 17, 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
"Fewer Youths to Be Deported in New Policy". The New York Times. August 19, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
Curtis Tate, McClatchy Newspapers. "Pentagon says chaplains may perform gay weddings - McClatchy". Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
"U.S. to Aid Gay Rights Abroad, Obama and Clinton Say". The New York Times. December 7, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
Luke Johnson (April 9, 2012). "Obama Opposes Minnesota Anti-Gay Marriage Constitutional Amendment". The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
"LGBT Prison Employees to Get Representation - Advocate.com". Retrieved April 6, 2016.
Stein, Sam (May 9, 2012). "Obama Backs Gay Marriage". Huffington Post.
"Home | Gay-Straight Alliance Network". Gsanetwork.org. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
Gautam Raghavan (January 25, 2012). "A Special Message on National Gay-Straight Alliance Day | The White House". Whitehouse.gov. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
Jamiah Adams (May 27, 2011). "HRC Endorses President Obama for 2012". Democrats.org. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
"2012 Endorsements". Votesmart.org. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
Gay Troops Discharged Under DADT To Receive Full Severance Pay
Robillard, Kevin (January 21, 2013). "First inaugural use of the word 'gay'". Politico. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
Michelson, Noah (January 21, 2013). "Obama Inauguration Speech Makes History With Mention Of Gay Rights Struggle, Stonewall Uprising". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
Wolf, Richard (March 1, 2013). "Obama: I would rule against all gay marriage bans". USA Today.
Adomanis, Mark (August 9, 2013). "Barack Obama's Surprising Lack Of Patience For Russia's Anti-Gay Laws". Forbes. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
Theodore Deutch. "H.R. 3304: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014". Govtrack.us. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
"Obama Condemns Uganda's Tough Antigay Measure". The New York Times. February 17, 2014.
"Carney: Brewer 'did the right thing' by vetoing anti-gay bill". Washington Blade: Gay News, Politics, LGBT Rights. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
"Obama includes openly gay athletes in 2014 Olympic delegation". CBS News. December 17, 2013. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
a b "U.S. delegation delivers strong message in Sochi". USA Today. February 7, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
"Executive Order -- Further Amendments to Executive Order 11478, Equal Employment Opportunity in the Federal Government, and Executive Order 11246, Equal Employment Opportunity". The White House. Office of the Press Secretary. July 21, 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
"Uganda's Museveni meets with Obama days after repeal of anti-gay law". Gay Star News. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
WKYC (August 9, 2014). "President Obama makes video appearance at Gay Games". Retrieved October 6, 2014.
"Obama Makes Surprise Video Appearance at Gay Games Opening Ceremony: WATCH". Towleroad: A Site With Homosexual Tendencies. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
Zeke J Miller. "David Axelrod: Barack Obama Misled Nation On Gay Marriage In 2008". TIME.com. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
Eyder Peralta. "U.S. Appoints First-Ever Special Envoy For LGBT Rights : The Two-Way". NPR. Retrieved 2015-02-24.
White House complex now has a gender-neutral bathroom - CNN.com. Edition.cnn.com (2008-10-29). Retrieved on 2015-04-10.
April 9, 2015 (2014-10-17). "Leelah's death moves Obama to respond". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved 2015-04-10.
Dawn Ennis. "Obama Calls for End to Discriminatory Parenting Laws". Advocate.com. Retrieved 2015-05-04.
"Obama Administration Affirms Support for LGBT Non-Discrimination & HERO". Retrieved April 6, 2016.
Juliet Eilperin (November 10, 2015). "Obama supports altering Civil Rights Act to ban LGBT discrimination". Washington Post. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
a b Eli Rosenberg (June 24, 2016). "Stonewall Inn Named National Monument, a First for the Gay Rights Movement". The New York Times. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
"Workforce Diversity The Stonewall Inn, National Historic Landmark National Register Number: 99000562". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
http://www.kgw.com/news/politics/elections/president-obama-endorses-oregon-gov-kate-brown/339263925
https://www.autostraddle.com/bisexual-governor-kate-brown-talks-openly-about-surviving-domestic-violence-shuts-down-opponents-ignorance-354190/
http://www.washingtonblade.com/2016/11/08/kate-brown-becomes-first-openly-lgbt-person-elected-governor/
http://www.advocate.com/ex-gay-therapy/2015/05/19/oregon-s-bisexual-gov-bans-conversion-therapy
Peter Thiel is joining Donald Trump's transition team
Donald Trump says the law is settled on gay marriage but not on abortion
Timeline: Milestones in the American Gay Rights Movement PBS
www.matthewshepardfoundation.org
http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/history.aspx
https://www.med.umich.edu
https://www.americanhistoryusa.com/category/gay-lesbian-bisexual-transgender-history/
http://www.cnn.com/2015/06/19/us/lgbt-rights-milestones-fast-facts/
https://www.hudexchange.info/homelessness-assistance/resources-for-lgbt-homelessness/#resources-for-homeless-lgbt-individuals-in-crisis
www.peacockinthepark.org
www.pointfoundation.org
www.truecolorsfund.org
Coker TR, Austin SB, Schuster MA. The health and health care of lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents. Annual Review of Public Health 2010;31:457–477.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexual identity, sex of sexual contacts, and health-risk behaviors among students in grades 9-12—Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance, selected sites, United States, 2001-2009. MMWR. 2011.
Russell ST, Joyner K. Adolescent sexual orientation and suicide risk: Evidence from a national study. American Journal of Public Health 2001;91:1276–1281.
Grossman AH, D'Augelli AR. Transgender youth and life-threatening behaviors. Suicide & life-threatening behavior 2007;37:527-537.
Birkett M, Espelage DL, Koenig B. LGB and questioning students in schools: The moderating effects of homophobic bullying and school climate on negative outcomes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2009;38:989–1000.
Kosciw JG, Greytak EA, Diaz EM, Bartkiewicz MJ. The 2009 National School Climate Survey: The Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in Our Nation’s Schools. New York: Gay, Lesbian Straight Education Network; 2010.
Russell ST, Ryan C, Toomey RB, Diaz RM, Sanchez J. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adolescent school victimization: implications for young adult health and adjustment. Journal of School Health. 2011;81(5):223-30.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV surveillance in men who have sex with men (MSM). 2012. Available from the HIV/AIDS Resource Library Slide Sets web page.
Espelage DL, Aragon SR, Birkett M. Homophobic teasing, psychological outcomes, and sexual orientation among high school students: What influence do parents and schools have? School Psychology Review 2008;37:202–216.
Goodenow C, Szalacha L, Westheimer K. School support groups, other school factors, and the safety of sexual minority adolescents. Psychology in the Schools 2006;43:573–89.
Saewcy EM, Konishi C, Rose HA, Homma Y. School-based strategies to reduce suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and discrimination among sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents in Western Canada. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies 2014;1:89‒112.
Ryan C, Huebner D, Diaz RM, Sanchez J. Family rejection as a predictor of negative health outcomes in white and Latino lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults. Pediatrics 2009;123:346–352.
Bouris A, Guilamo-Ramos V, Pickard A, Shiu C, Loosier PS, Dittus P, Gloppen K, Waldmiller JM. A systematic review of parental influences on the health and well-being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth: time for a new public health research and practice agenda. Journal of Primary Prevention 2010;31:273–309.
https://www.cdc.gov/lgbthealth/youth.htm
http://srlp.org/about/
http://www.advocate.com/obituaries/2015/03/24/trans-teen-activist-homecoming-king-dies

​Biography.com. http://www.biography.com/people/bayard-rustin-9467932#political-philosophyand-civil-rights-career
Breaking the Prejudice Habit. LGBT Timeline.
http://www.breakingprejudice.org/assets/AHAA/Activities/Gay%20Rights%20Movement%20Timeline%20Activity/LGBT%20Rights%20Timeline.pdf
Campus Pride. LGBT Sports History Timeline. http://www.campuspride.org/tools/lgbt-sportshistory-timeline/. Written by: Pat Griffin, Sports Project Director, GLSEN’s Changing theGame; Helen Carroll, Sports Project Director, National Center for Lesbian Rights; Cyd Ziegler,co-founder of Outsports.com.
Cook-Daniels, Loree, Comp. Living Memory LGBT Timeline. http://forge-forward.org/wpcontent/docs/LGBT_elder_timeline_FINAL.pdf
Diversity Inc. LGBT Timeline. http://www.diversityinc.com/wpcontent/uploads/2014/05/LGBT-Pride-Month-Timeline.pdf ;
http://www.diversityinc.com/diversity-facts/lgbt-pride-month-timeline-facts/Equality Virginia. Marriage Equality in Virginia (2013-2014).
http://www.equalityvirginia.org/marriage-timeline/First Amendment Center. “‘Howl’ Obscenity Prosecution Still Echoes 50 Years Later.”
http://www.firstamendmentcenter.org/%e2%80%98howl%e2%80%99-obscenity-prosecutionstill-echoes-50-years-later
Herek, Gregory. “Psychology (Yesterday and) Today: Evelyn Hooker.”
http://www.psychologicalscience.org/index.php/publications/observer/2011/october-11/psychology-yesterday-and-today-evelyn-hooker.html
Illinois Wesleyan University. Abbreviated Timeline.
https://www.iwu.edu/lgbt/lgbt_timeline_2010.pdf
National Gay-Straight Alliance Day. LGBTA History– Black history/ Persons of Color/ AfricanAmerican History. http://gsaday.org/featured/lgbt-straight-allied-history/
Ohio University. LGBT History Timeline. http://www.ohio.edu/lgbt/resources/history.cfm
Online Etymology Dictionary. http://etymonline.com/index.php
Out History. Rainbow Richmond Timeline (LGBT in Richmond, VA).
http://outhistory.org/exhibits/show/rainbow-richmond/timeline
Parents, Families & Friends of Lesbians and Gays. LGBT History in the United States: A Timeline. www.pflagwestchester.org
Public Broadcasting Service. Milestones in the American Gay Rights Movement.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/timeline/stonewall/
Safe Schools Coalition. Living Memory LGBT History Timeline.
http://www.safeschoolscoalition.org/LivingMemory-lgbtHistoryTimeline.pdf. Adapted from a document by Loree Cook-Daniels of FORGE (For Ourselves: Reworking Gender Expression) http://www.forge-forward.org/ and TAN (The Transgender Aging Network)
http://www.forge-forward.org/tan/. The original document is Living Memory LGBT
Timeline: Current Elders Would Have Been This Old When These Events Happened…Salt Lake Community College. LGBT History.
https://www.slcc.edu/lgbt/docs/LGBT%20History.pdf
Shenker, Jill. A Selective History of Marriage in the United States. http://www.solidarityus.org/node/370.
Southern Poverty Law Center. History of the Anti-Gay Movement since 1977.
http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-report/browse-all-issues/2005/spring/thethirty-years-war
Stonewall.org UK. History of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Equality.
http://www.stonewall.org.uk/at_home/history_of_lesbian_gay_and_bisexual_equality/default.asp
Takács, Judit. “The Double Life of Kertbeny.” In G. Hekma (ed.) Past and Present of Radical Sexual Politics, UVA – Mosse Foundation, Amsterdam, 2004. pp. 26–40.
http://www.policy.hu/takacs/pdf-lib/TheDoubleLifeOfKertbeny.pdf
Union=Fuerza, Instituto Latino. Latina/o LGBT History Brief Timeline: 1955-2013.
http://www.latinoglbthistory.org/lgbtq-latino-timeline. Prepared for the Creating Change Conference, Atlanta, GA, January 24, 2013.


https://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/24/sports/basketball/after-signing-with-nets-jason-collins-becomes-first-openly-gay-nba-player.html?mtrref=www.google.com&gwh=4E6D1E3160415A4F55ADC8BC09C260FF&gwt=pay

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/justice-department-to-give-married-same-sex-couples-sweeping-equal-protection/2014/02/08/36eafcae-90cc-11e3-b227-12a45d109e03_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.d7330ca20f3d

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/02/13/virginia-same-sex-marriage/5473687/

[1] Account drawn from Burlington Free Press, March 23, 2000. For extensive archived coverage of the same-sex marriage issue in Vermont since December 1999, see the newspaper's Web site: www.burlingtonfreepress.com.

Footnote1. Account drawn from Burlington Free Press, March 23, 2000. For extensive archived coverage of the same-sex marriage issue in Vermont since December 1999, see the newspaper's Web site: www.burlingtonfreepress.com.Go to Footnotes

[2] For background, see Richard L. Worsnop, “Gay Rights,” The CQ Researcher, March 5, 1993, pp. 193-216, and Richard L. Worsnop, “Domestic Partners,” The CQ Researcher, Sept. 4, 1992, pp. 761-784.

Footnote2. For background, see Richard L. Worsnop, “Gay Rights,” The CQ Researcher, March 5, 1993, pp. 193-216, and Richard L. Worsnop, “Domestic Partners,” The CQ Researcher, Sept. 4, 1992, pp. 761-784.Go to Footnotes

[3] For the full text of the opinion, see ibid. The decision can also be found on the Web site of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force: www.ngltf.org. The text of the House-passed bill as well as other documents and background information can be found on the Vermont legislature's Web site: www.leg.state.vt.us.

Footnote3. For the full text of the opinion, see ibid. The decision can also be found on the Web site of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force: www.ngltf.org. The text of the House-passed bill as well as other documents and background information can be found on the Vermont legislature's Web site: www.leg.state.vt.us.Go to Footnotes

[4] For background, see Craig Donegan, “New Military Culture,” The CQ Researcher, April 26, 1996, pp. 361-384.

Footnote4. For background, see Craig Donegan, “New Military Culture,” The CQ Researcher, April 26, 1996, pp. 361-384.Go to Footnotes

[5] See Alan Yang, “From Wrongs to Rights: Public Opinion on Gay and Lesbian Americans Moves Toward Equality,” National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, 1999, p. 14. In the most recent poll cited, 29 percent of those surveyed in 1998 said marriages between homosexuals should be “recognized as legal by the law.”

Footnote5. See Alan Yang, “From Wrongs to Rights: Public Opinion on Gay and Lesbian Americans Moves Toward Equality,” National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, 1999, p. 14. In the most recent poll cited, 29 percent of those surveyed in 1998 said marriages between homosexuals should be “recognized as legal by the law.”Go to Footnotes

[6] William N. Eskridge Jr., Gaylaw: Challenging the Apartheid of the Closet (1999).

Footnote6. William N. Eskridge Jr., Gaylaw: Challenging the Apartheid of the Closet (1999).Go to Footnotes

[7] For opposing views, see Thomas B. Stoddard, “Why Gay People Should Seek the Right to Marry,” OUT/LOOK, National Gay and Lesbian Quarterly, No. 6 (fall 1989), and Paula L. Ettelbrick, “Since When Is Marriage a Path to Liberation?”, ibid., reprinted in Suzanne Sherman (ed.), Lesbian and Gay Marriage: Private Commitments, Public Ceremonies (1992), pp. 13-26.

Footnote7. For opposing views, see Thomas B. Stoddard, “Why Gay People Should Seek the Right to Marry,” OUT/LOOK, National Gay and Lesbian Quarterly, No. 6 (fall 1989), and Paula L. Ettelbrick, “Since When Is Marriage a Path to Liberation?”, ibid., reprinted in Suzanne Sherman (ed.), Lesbian and Gay Marriage: Private Commitments, Public Ceremonies (1992), pp. 13-26.Go to Footnotes

[8] For background, see Sarah Glazer, “Crackdown on Sexual Harassment,” The CQ Researcher, July 19, 1996, pp. 625-648.

Footnote8. For background, see Sarah Glazer, “Crackdown on Sexual Harassment,” The CQ Researcher, July 19, 1996, pp. 625-648.Go to Footnotes

[9] Background drawn from Eskridge, op. cit.

Footnote9. Background drawn from Eskridge, op. cit.Go to Footnotes

[10] Ibid., p. 43.

Footnote10. Ibid., p. 43.Go to Footnotes

[11] See Barry D. Adam, The Rise of a Gay and Lesbian Movement (rev. ed.) (1995), pp. 67-68. For background on the post-World War II decades, see John D'Emilio, Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making of a Homosexual Minority in the United States, 1940-1970 (1983) and Dudley Clendinen and Adam Nagourney, Out for Good: The Struggle to Build a Gay-Rights Movement in America (1999).

Footnote11. See Barry D. Adam, The Rise of a Gay and Lesbian Movement (rev. ed.) (1995), pp. 67-68. For background on the post-World War II decades, see John D'Emilio, Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making of a Homosexual Minority in the United States, 1940-1970 (1983) and Dudley Clendinen and Adam Nagourney, Out for Good: The Struggle to Build a Gay-Rights Movement in America (1999).Go to Footnotes

[12] See Paul Varnell, “Stonewall: Get a Grip,” The Windy City Times, June 10, 1999. The article appears on the Independent Gay Forum's Web site: www. indegayforum.org.

Footnote12. See Paul Varnell, “Stonewall: Get a Grip,” The Windy City Times, June 10, 1999. The article appears on the Independent Gay Forum's Web site: www. indegayforum.org.Go to Footnotes

[13] Account drawn from Eric Marcus, “Stonewall Revisited” (www.indegayforum.org). The article was written for the defunct gay magazine Ten Percent to mark the 25th anniversary of Stonewall in 1994.

Footnote13. Account drawn from Eric Marcus, “Stonewall Revisited” (www.indegayforum.org). The article was written for the defunct gay magazine Ten Percent to mark the 25th anniversary of Stonewall in 1994.Go to Footnotes

[14] Cited in Clendinen and Nagourney, op. cit., p. 30.

Footnote14. Cited in Clendinen and Nagourney, op. cit., p. 30.Go to Footnotes

[15] Background and data drawn from William B. Rubenstein, Lesbians, Gay Men and the Law (1st ed.) (1993).

Footnote15. Background and data drawn from William B. Rubenstein, Lesbians, Gay Men and the Law (1st ed.) (1993).Go to Footnotes

[16] Randy Shilts, Conduct Unbecoming: Gays and Lesbians in the U.S. Military (1993), p. 380.

Footnote16. Randy Shilts, Conduct Unbecoming: Gays and Lesbians in the U.S. Military (1993), p. 380.Go to Footnotes

[17] Account drawn from Clendinen and Nagourney, op. cit., pp. 566-573. The authors note that Clinton's appearance was covered the next day in both The New York Times and, on the front page, in The Washington Post.

Footnote17. Account drawn from Clendinen and Nagourney, op. cit., pp. 566-573. The authors note that Clinton's appearance was covered the next day in both The New York Times and, on the front page, in The Washington Post.Go to Footnotes

[18] For background, see Kenneth Jost, “Hate Crimes,” The CQ Researcher, Jan. 8, 1993, pp. 1-24.

Footnote18. For background, see Kenneth Jost, “Hate Crimes,” The CQ Researcher, Jan. 8, 1993, pp. 1-24.Go to Footnotes

[19] See 1993 Congressional Quarterly Almanac, pp. 454-462.

Footnote19. See 1993 Congressional Quarterly Almanac, pp. 454-462.Go to Footnotes

[20] See Wayne van der Meide, Legislating Equality: A Review of Laws Affecting Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered People in the United States, Policy Institute of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (1999) (www.ngltf.org).

Footnote20. See Wayne van der Meide, Legislating Equality: A Review of Laws Affecting Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered People in the United States, Policy Institute of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (1999) (www.ngltf.org).Go to Footnotes

[21] See Kenneth Jost, The Supreme Court Yearbook, 1995-1996 (1996), pp. 34-38.

Footnote21. See Kenneth Jost, The Supreme Court Yearbook, 1995-1996 (1996), pp. 34-38.Go to Footnotes

[22] See 1996 Congressional Quarterly Almanac, pp. 526-529.

Footnote22. See 1996 Congressional Quarterly Almanac, pp. 526-529.Go to Footnotes

[23] Some background drawn from The New York Times, Feb. 3, 2000, p. A1. The two major opposing advocacy groups in Vermont have Web sites: www.vtfreetomarry.org; www.takeittothepeople.org.

Footnote23. Some background drawn from The New York Times, Feb. 3, 2000, p. A1. The two major opposing advocacy groups in Vermont have Web sites: www.vtfreetomarry.org; www.takeittothepeople.org.Go to Footnotes

[24] See Burlington Free Press, March 18, 2000.

Footnote24. See Burlington Free Press, March 18, 2000.Go to Footnotes

[25] See Office of the Inspector General, Department of Defense, “Military Environment with Respect to the Homosexual Conduct Policy,” Report No. D-2000-101, March 16, 2000 (www.dodig.osd.mil). Reaction drawn from The New York Times, March 25, 2000, p. A1; The Washington Post, March 25, 2000, p. A1.

Footnote25. See Office of the Inspector General, Department of Defense, “Military Environment with Respect to the Homosexual Conduct Policy,” Report No. D-2000-101, March 16, 2000 (www.dodig.osd.mil). Reaction drawn from The New York Times, March 25, 2000, p. A1; The Washington Post, March 25, 2000, p. A1.Go to Footnotes

[26] See The New York Times, Feb. 2, 2000, p. A15.

Footnote26. See The New York Times, Feb. 2, 2000, p. A15.Go to Footnotes

[27] Reported in The New York Times, Feb. 14, 2000, p. A1.

Footnote27. Reported in The New York Times, Feb. 14, 2000, p. A1.Go to Footnotes

[28] The Washington Post, March 26, 2000, p. C3.

Footnote28. The Washington Post, March 26, 2000, p. C3.Go to Footnotes

[29] The Associated Press, Feb. 10, 2000.

Footnote29. The Associated Press, Feb. 10, 2000.Go to Footnotes

[30] Quoted in The New York Times, March 19, 2000, p. A24.

Footnote30. Quoted in The New York Times, March 19, 2000, p. A24.Go to Footnotes

[31] Christina L. Lyons, “Adoption Controversies,” The CQ Researcher, Sept. 10, 1999, p. 782.

Footnote31. Christina L. Lyons, “Adoption Controversies,” The CQ Researcher, Sept. 10, 1999, p. 782.Go to Footnotes

[32] Background drawn from The Washington Post, March 29, 2000, p. B1, and the Washington Blade (www.washingtonblade.com).

 

Information in this timeline was found at the following websites, which may also be helpful tools for your own use:  http://www.queery.com/sybfusion.cgi  http://www.planetout.com/news/history/archive/advocate.html  http://www.buddybuddy.com/factoids.html  http://www3.kumc.edu/diversity/other/comeout.html  http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Stonewall/2878/

Human Rights Campaign
919 18th St., N.W., Suite 800, Washington, D.C. 20006
(202) 628-4160
www.hrc.org
The organization is a political campaign and lobbying organization working for lesbian and gay equal rights.

Independent Gay Forum
www.indegayforum.org
The forum comprises a group of generally conservative-leaning gay writers, academics, attorneys and activists described as in favor of equality for homosexuals but “dissatisfied” with the current discussion of gay-related issues.

Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc.
120 Wall St., Suite 1500, New York, NY 10005-3904
(212) 809-8585
www.lambdalegal.org
The legal center handles a wide array of gay-rights litigation, including employment discrimination, parenting issues, HIV- and AIDS-related discrimination, military and immigration.

National Center for Lesbian Rights
870 Market St., Suite 570, San Francisco, Calif. 94102
(415) 392-6257
www.nclrights.org
The legal center handles various lesbian-rights issues, with special emphasis on child custody and same-sex adoption issues.

National Gay and Lesbian Task Force
1700 Kalorama Rd., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20009
(202) 332-6483
www.ngltf.org
The task force, founded in 1973, works for civil rights for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered people.

Servicemembers Legal Defense Network
P.O. Box 65301, Washington, D.C. 20035-5301
(202) 328-3244
www.sldn.org
The organization assists U.S. servicemembers affected by the military's policies on homosexuality.

Family Research Council
801 G St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001
(202) 393-2100
www.frc.org
The council opposes legal recognition of same-sex relationships, legislation to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and military service by homosexuals.

Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network
121 W. 27th St., Suite 804, New York, N.Y. 10001
(212) 727-0135
www.glsen.org
The organization promotes non-discrimination policies and helps support high school-based “gay-straight alliance” clubs.